It's getting to be that time of year when students across the nation head off to college. Incoming freshman are eager to meet their new roommates. Will they be best friends or make each other miserable?
Meeting Roommates Online
Online social networks like Facebook are changing the way that roommates get to know each another. Facebook is a free web site that lets members post photos, videos and other information on their own web page. Weeks before heading off to campus, students can get to know a new roommate by looking up their Facebook profile and communicating online.
The Upside to Facebook
Chatting with each other online helps new students feel more comfortable about leaving home for dorm life. They find out who lives near them, who's taking the same classes, and who knows their way around campus. Current students give freshmen the inside scoop on the best classes to take and the professors to avoid. Roommates coordinate bedspread colors and decide who's bringing the mini-fridge.
There's a Downside, Too
Sometimes though, meeting a roommate on Facebook is not very reassuring. Parents especially get concerned when they see photos posted of the roommate drinking and partying. Colleges report that even before students meet in person, many parents request a roommate change because they don't like the roommate's Facebook profile. Some request a change because they are uncomfortable with the roommate's race, religion or sexual orientation.
School Policies against Discrimination
Many schools, however, have a policy against switching roommates at the start of a semester. At the University of Nebraska for example, no room changes are made during the first three to four weeks of school while everyone is getting settled. More importantly, most schools have an anti-discrimination policy that prevents them from making roommate assignments or changes on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, disability, age and sexual orientation.
Diversity is a Goal
School administrators say that getting to know new people from different backgrounds, lifestyles or parts of the world is an important and exciting part of the whole college experience. Sharing a 10 by 15 foot living space with someone new for nine months teaches students how to resolve conflicts and improves communication skills. But refusing to switch roommates on the basis of race or ethnic background isn't just good educational policy, it's the law.
Laws against Discrimination
Several federal laws prohibit discrimination in colleges and universities that receive federal funding from the US Department of Education
- Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination based on race, color or national origin
- Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits discrimination based on sex
- The Age Discrimination Act of 1975 prohibits discrimination based on age
- The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 prohibit discrimination based on disability
State and local anti-discrimination or anti-bullying laws might also apply to protect against discrimination on the basis of sexual identity or gender orientation. Schools that violate these laws risk lawsuits and the loss of funding.
Discrimination in Roommate Assignments
These anti-discrimination laws cover all aspects of a school or college, including employment, academics, extracurricular activities, athletics and housing. They also apply when it comes to making roommate assignments and changes.
A 35-year-old student at the State University of New York at Albany was moved from a first-floor dorm room to a second-floor room because a staffer thought it was inappropriate for the 35-year-old to live with a 19-year-old. The US Department of Education Office of Civil Rights investigated and found that the university improperly switched roommates based on age in violation of the law.
A disabled student at the University of Nebraska - Lincoln successfully sued the school for discrimination under the Americans with Disabilities Act after it failed to include her in the pool for random roommate assignments.
Colleges and universities want students to be happy with their housing situation. Schools generally provide a process for students to switch rooms or roommates, so long as it's not based on prohibited discrimination. Can't stand your roommate's taste in music or does his partying keep you up all night? Talk to your residential assistant or school housing administrator about resolving your differences or seeking new living arrangements.
Questions for Your Lawyer
- My son found out on Facebook that his new college roommate is homosexual. Can he get a new roommate assignment before they move in together?
- Even though my roommate doesn't smoke in our dorm room, everything reeks of cigarette smoke. Can I demand that the school give me a new roommate? Does it make any difference if someone has a medical condition, such as allergies or asthma?
- My roommate is a nice guy, but he's 10 years older than I am. Can I get a roommate who is closer to my age?
- Can colleges and universities use student questionnaires and honor requests for roommate matching without running afoul of discrimination laws?